[ditty_news_ticker id="27897"] Is It Time To Do Away With Sunday School? - Orthodox Christian Laity

Is It Time To Do Away With Sunday School?


Will-Our-Children-Live-the-FaithSource: The Sounding / Orthodox Christian Network

By Andrew Estocin in The Sounding

Will our children choose to live as Orthodox Christians?

This is the most pressing question facing the Church today.

Over the years, the conventional path followed to form young people in the Orthodox Faith has included a Sunday school program.  Today, it is a given that every parish needs a Sunday school in order to be considered successful.  However, as more and more parishes face serious questions about their future, one must ask whether or not Sunday school has served our children well.

The answer to this question goes well beyond money. It should be noted that at no time in history has the Church in America devoted more resources to the education of its youth. A look at available budget data shows that national spending on education for the period of 2005-2016 will top $8,200,000. Combine that figure with expenditures on youth ministry and family ministry and that figure balloons to an incredible $17,600,000.  Given these figures, you would think that our youth are thriving in the faith.  However, this is hardly the case.   Recent studies show that 60% of Orthodox college students leave the faith.   Meanwhile, as many as 85% of marriages are now of the interfaith variety, with one spouse choosing not to be Orthodox. The reality confronting the Church today is that a family that is united in living the Orthodox faith is far more the exception than the norm.  For many youth, Orthodoxy has become just another cafeteria-like choice between one parent’s church or the other parent’s church.

The greatest tragedy in the American Church today is that far too many parishes have alienated our youth by placing nostalgia before witness to Jesus Christ.   Nostalgia can only sustain parishes for so long before demographic collapse sets in.  As Orthodoxy comes to grips with this reality, it is evident that Sunday school programs have failed to provide the fundamentals needed to pass on the Orthodox Faith to a new generation.  Despite the presence of dedicated volunteers and the best of intentions, change is needed.

Should parishes in America reconsider their Sunday school programs or eliminate them all together?

The answer to this question is a clear and resounding YES!

Today, many parishes have Sunday school programs that undermine the liturgical life of the Church and the unity of the family.  The central message of Sunday school today is one of segregation, not integration.  Parishes separate children from their families and place them in a classroom so as to teach them facts about the Church.  This stunts their ability to experience the Church in all its depth and beauty.   It also divides families at a time when they should be together the most – the Divine Liturgy.  Sophie Koulomzin points this out clearly in Our Church and Our Children. “..the Sunday school movement proved to carry certain dangers within it…..The Sunday school replaced the Divine Liturgy, the classroom lesson replaced the Sacrament. Students graduating from Sunday school had not acquired the habit of going to church on Sundays. The life of worship, which is the essence of Orthodoxy, was thus undermined.”

What are some of the signs Sunday school may be undermining the life of worship in a parish? Consider the following:

  • Students show up late for Divine Liturgy, resulting in little actual time at worship before leaving for class.
  • Teachers are often late to Divine Liturgy as well and sometimes even skip liturgy to teach Sunday school.
  • Events like ethnic dancing and diocesan basketball tournaments take priority over the worship and witness of the Church.
  • Rehearsals and planning for seasonal events like the parish Christmas pageant are held during Divine Liturgy.
  • Graduating students lack the habit of attending Church regularly.
  • Challenging social and moral questions are avoided for fear of offending people.
  • Secular success is celebrated more than Christian witness.  Service to the weak and vulnerable is discouraged as vocation or career.
  • Teachers frown upon fidelity to the teachings of the Church.  Zeal for Orthodoxy is viewed as strange.

There is no question that the above problems exist in a wide variety of parishes across America.  If our children are going to choose to live as Orthodox Christians in the years to come, then they certainly deserve to encounter the Church in its fullness, much like the early disciples did.   Orthodoxy is not simply classroom knowledge or ritual knowledge.  Understanding the faith is not the equivalent of learning answers to trivia questions. The Church is a way of being that shows us how to be truly human.   This cannot be learned in a classroom.   It cannot be gleaned from a textbook.   And it certainly cannot be passed on through an educational bureaucracy created by paid professionals.  Orthodoxy is learned when it is experienced both at Liturgy and through the lives of others who witness to Jesus Christ with humility, compassion, and devotion.

Now that the crisis in Orthodox Sunday schools has been brought forward, here are three ways we can improve the quality of learning in parishes.

English is Essential:  The complete use of English is essential for a healthy Church life in America.  Studies conducted by the Assembly of Bishops in the Unites States show that the use of English in the liturgy increases attendance and participation at liturgy by as much as 30%.   Being able to understand the liturgy matters, especially for young people, converts, and mixed marriages.  It is foolish to think we can pass on the experience of the life of the Church to our children if they constantly cannot understand the liturgy because it is in Greek or Ukrainian.  A vibrant liturgical life in English is essential in helping our children grow into mature witnesses to the Faith who have a strong understanding of how the Church answers the questions proposed by life.  Consistently participating in and understanding the Divine Liturgy is far more enriching than any number of classroom lessons.

More Mentoring:  Orthodox Christians have mentored one another since the earliest of times. St. Paul’s letters are a testimony to such work. Every Orthodox Christian needs a mentor, and every parish needs a mentoring program where healthy Orthodox Christians take up the responsibility of mentoring young people and new arrivals.  The best way to learn the fundamentals of Orthodox Christianity is to see it lived with joy by others.   Imagine if all of the resources spent on Sunday school were dedicated to mentoring programs that formed relationships across generations that helped people grow in hospitality, humility, and service to the weakest among us.  Nostalgia-centered parishes would have a very different feel than they do today.

Servant Leadership:  Nothing undermines the Christian development of our youth more than leaders who do not live the Gospel. Love of power, wealth, and social status are all problems facing the Church.  These problems must be overcome by ensuring that all leaders are first and foremost servant leaders who understand that real power in the Church comes from humility and service, not wealth or family legacy.  Leadership begins at Liturgy, and Orthodox leaders educate our youth best when they model servant leadership both at Liturgy and outside our Liturgy.  A servant role model provides a lifetime of lessons for a young person.  These lessons are far more effective at communicating the Faith than any textbook.

Confronting the Sunday school crisis in Orthodox parishes today is no easy task.  No doubt much emotion is tied to this issue. However, to ignore the need to change is to risk having our youth live – according to the warning of St. Justin Popovich – “as fireflies in a universe of darkness.”  America’s Orthodox youth deserve better than such an impoverished existence.

Living as an Orthodox Christian is not something we inherit through our genes. Orthodox Christianity is a deliberate choice that must be affirmed time and again.  It must renewed day after day.  Therefore, the Church must not educate young people based on pre-supposing the Orthodox Faith.  The Church must constantly refresh itself and propose the Orthodox Faith time after time.  In this way, it can truly live the vision of St. John Chrysostom, who wrote, “With Christians everything should be secondary compared to our concern with children, and their upbringing in the instruction and teaching of the Lord.”

Our youth are not only part of the Church of the future; they are more importantly part of the Church of today!



  1. He makes some good points—kids (and adults) should be in church during the liturgy and not somewhere else. The liturgy is a great school of the faith, but it has to be accessible. By this, I mean that the service needs to be in the language of the people, prayers read aloud and prayerfully so all can pray together, the faithful participating by singing the responses, exchanging the Kiss of Peace, receiving communion, etc. We have an incredibly rich faith—with much of it imbedded in the prayers and hymns of the church. However, this (to borrow a phrase, “full, conscious, active participation”) is not always the experience of the faithful in many of our churches. Furthermore, that does not preclude the value of deepening our understanding of and reflecting on the faith—the job of “Sunday School.” I don’t think the author REALLY addresses this idea of “Sunday School,” per se. Yes, we need mentors, but we need ones who understand and can articulate the theology of the church, especially in a culture in which we are not only an incredible minority (less than 1% of the US population), but whose categories and questions are shaped by a mostly Protestant milieu. This is not an “either/or” issue, but more of a “both/and” sort of thing. The reality of most “Sunday Schools” (other than some meet during the liturgy) is that they are often staffed by volunteers who may/may not have a good grasp of the faith and who may/may not know how to teach it. Frankly, they should be applauded as they are the ones stepping up to help. However, what we really need as a church is a full-blown program of catechesis/continuing education and spiritual development for folks of ALL ages—sometimes meeting separately, as there are certain activities that are more developmentally appropriate at certain ages than others, and sometimes more as a church family. The latter can be done on certain “Church Family Nights” (BTW: The GOA has an entire curriculum devoted to “Family Nights” from which to draw ideas, lesson plans, etc.) Furthermore, the Church could benefit greatly by educating and training people in the faith to teach the faith, serve as mentors, etc. This includes investing in their education—i.e. sending BOTH men and women to seminary or other theological study and funding them—and then investing in the ministry of the parish (and valuing their ministry) by providing some type of paid work for them at the parish when they finish their theological education.

  2. George Matsoukas on

    I agree that the experience of the Divine Liturgy is the Sunday School we need. Our youth need to be oriented to the meaning of the liturgy by supplemental materials and education. The liturgy and materials need to be in their language which is English. They need to know the scriptural references throughout the liturgy. Combining instruction with bible readings related to the liturgy and all the other services can help them read the bible. Their Christian Education needs to also include experiencing vespers and special services throughout the year. They need to be oriented to what these services are about and contain. An educational process needs to be related directly to the services.

    For example during Lent the Friday night services of the Akathist Hymn to Theotokos is a perfect teaching opportunity for youth to learn what it is to be a Christian human being. This service and the hymn are relevant to the spiritual needs of our youth today. Being obedient to God is what recreates us and enables us to be fully, holistic and authentic human beings. This service needs to be designed to bring youth to church. The service repeated year after year as is attracts older individuals. Year after year I see less people attending. The service has come to stress the saving of a city and glorifies broken down walls and a city overrun. It is about nostalgia. Can this service be revived and made relevant to our youth today? I think so.

    In the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese the liturgy in many churches losses its impact because of the role of the cantors. During Sunday liturgy we may have 3 or 4 cantors who use Greek and other parts of the liturgy are in English. I wonder many times what do these children think when they walk into the Church, as a group of Sunday School students, during communion and hear only the cantors and then are taken back to their classes. This seems surreal to me. What is going on in their heads. During Holy Week we may get 7 cantors dragging out the service all chanting in Greek. One out of seven may provide token English here and there. For me the service becomes disjointed.

    Mr. Estocin has written a wonderful essay on an important topic that we should all consider. It is about retaining our children in our Orthodox Faith.

  3. Dennis Matson on

    Mr Matsoukas makes some good points. In our church the chanting is a cacophony that no one understands, much less the youth. No wonder the retention rate of our youth is so low!!

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